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BNHS - Bombay Natural History Society


Conserving India’s Biodiversity: BNHS’s Remarkable Research Initiatives


Nestled in the heart of India’s conservation efforts lies the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), an esteemed organization dedicated to safeguarding the nation’s rich biodiversity. Through groundbreaking research and pioneering preservation initiatives, BNHS has emerged as a driving force in the protection of India’s unique flora and fauna. In this article, we embark on a journey of discovery, delving into some of BNHS’s most significant research projects that are shaping the future of conservation.

1. Gyps Vultures – Reviving the Skies

Collaborating closely with the Government of India, BNHS has taken on the heroic task of saving the majestic Gyps vultures from the brink of extinction. Recognizing the indispensable role these critical scavengers play in maintaining the ecological balance, BNHS’s comprehensive research and conservation measures aim to restore the vulture population and reclaim their rightful place in the Indian skies.

2. Finn’s Weaver – A Rare Avian Treasure

Amidst the tapestry of India’s avian diversity, Finn’s Weaver (Ploceus megarhynchus) stands out as an exquisite gem. Endemic to the region, this avian beauty has captured the attention of BNHS researchers who toil ceaselessly to study and protect this rare species. By unraveling the secrets of its habitat, behavior, and vulnerabilities, BNHS endeavors to provide a sanctuary for these mesmerizing creatures.

3. Green Avadavat – The Jewel of India

Enchanting all who behold it, the Green Avadavat (Amandava formosa) adorns India’s diverse avifauna. However, its unique ecosystem faces threats that cannot be ignored. BNHS has assumed the responsibility of safeguarding this species and its habitat, employing extensive research to illuminate the factors influencing the Avadavat’s survival. This research lays the groundwork for effective conservation strategies.

4. Indian Skimmer – Safeguarding Coastal Habitats

Nestled along India’s coastlines, the Indian Skimmer (Rynchops albicollis) graces the skies with its presence. Yet, habitat loss and environmental changes pose formidable challenges to its existence. With relentless dedication, BNHS delves into the lives of these charismatic birds, leading to their uplisting for enhanced protection. BNHS’s advocacy for habitat preservation is a testament to its commitment to coastal biodiversity conservation.

5. Pheasants and Finches – Battling Climate Change

As climate change threatens ecosystems worldwide, BNHS directs its research lens towards India’s pheasants and finches. These avian populations face uncertainty in the face of changing environmental conditions. BNHS studies their behaviors, assesses vulnerabilities, and crafts conservation measures to ensure their survival in a rapidly evolving world.

6. Bengal Florican – Preserving Grassland Specialists

With unwavering determination, BNHS extends its conservation efforts to the endangered Bengal Florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis). As a grassland specialist, this unique bird encounters challenges stemming from habitat fragmentation and human disturbances. BNHS’s meticulous research and habitat restoration endeavors aim to secure the future of the Bengal Florican and protect its delicate ecosystem.


BNHS - Bombay Natural History Society
BNHS – Bombay Natural History Society


7. Lesser Florican – Saving a Precious Endemic

In the realm of India’s avian treasures, the Lesser Florican (Sypheotides indicus) holds a special place. Endemic to the nation, this species requires focused conservation attention. BNHS invests its resources in researching this Endangered bird, identifying threats, and prioritizing actionable conservation measures to protect its limited habitat and ensure its survival.

8. Giant Clam – Indicators of Ocean Health

In the azure depths of India’s oceans, the Giant Clams (Tridacna sp.) assume a vital role as indicators of ocean health. Recognizing their significance in maintaining marine ecosystems, BNHS spearheads research efforts to study their populations and advocate for marine conservation. BNHS’s dedication is instrumental in preserving these crucial marine species.

9. Sakuraeolis gujaratica – Unraveling the Sea Slugs

Venturing into the captivating realm of marine biodiversity, BNHS turns its attention to the Sakuraeolis gujaratica, an aeolid opisthobranch that captivates with its beauty. Understanding the ecological intricacies of these sea slugs unveils their significance in marine ecosystems and their vulnerability to changing environmental conditions. BNHS’s research sheds light on preserving these invaluable marine creatures.

10. Molluscan Taxonomy – A Study in Diversity

Since 2004, BNHS has been conducting a comprehensive study on molluscan taxonomy under the All India Molluscan Project. This initiative aims to enrich our understanding of India’s diverse molluscan fauna, contributing to their conservation and ecological significance. BNHS’s commitment to taxonomy underscores the importance of knowing our biodiversity to protect it effectively.


BNHS’s tireless dedication to conservation research underscores the pivotal role it plays in safeguarding India’s biodiversity. From skies to seas, their research initiatives shed light on endangered species, habitats, and the impact of climate change. With unwavering commitment and innovative research, BNHS paves the way for a brighter future, where humans and wildlife coexist harmoniously, cherishing the invaluable gift of India’s natural heritage.


Address: Vandana Apartments 1B, Ramdaspeth, Nagpur – 440012, Maharashtra, India

Phone: +91 22 2282 1811



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