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Depression according to World Health Organization.


Depression according to World Health Organization.

Millions of individuals worldwide suffer from the widespread and dangerous medical condition known as depression. Depression is a serious mental health condition that affects a person’s emotions, thinking, and physical health in addition to making them feel sad or depressed.

According to the WHO, depression is characterised by a persistently depressed mood or a lack of interest in previously enjoyed activities. The inability of a person to carry out everyday tasks may be impacted by the symptoms of depression, which can continue for weeks, months or years. There are a range of moderate to severe symptoms, which might include:

  1. Constant melancholy, anxiousness, or empty mood

  2. Lack of enjoyment or enthusiasm in past interests or pursuits

  3. A sense of powerlessness, worthlessness, and/or despair

  4. Excessive or chronic sleeping

  5. Tiredness or a lack of energy

  6. Having trouble focusing or making judgements

  7. Suicidal or death thoughts

  8. Physical signs such migraines, gastrointestinal issues, and persistent discomfort

A mix of genetic, environmental, and psychological variables contribute to depression. Major life changes, trauma, stress, drug misuse, and a family history of depression are a few of the frequent risk factors for depression. Every age, gender, or background may be affected by depression, and if addressed, it can result in additional health issues.

With the proper care and support, depression is fortunately a curable disorder that many individuals can overcome. To address depression, the WHO suggests a mix of medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle modifications. Antidepressants are often recommended to aid the brain’s chemicals that regulate mood are in balance, but they are not appropriate for everyone. Psychotherapy, usually referred to as talk therapy, may assist a person in recognising and controlling their unfavourable attitudes and actions. Modifying one’s lifestyle to include regular exercise, a good diet, and enough sleep may also boost a person’s mood and general wellbeing.

If you or someone you love is going through signs of depression, it is imperative that you get treatment. Primary care doctors, mental health specialists, and community groups are just a few of the services that are accessible to provide support and treatment. The WHO promotes open communication about depression and unrestricted access to treatment.

In conclusion, millions of individuals throughout the globe suffer from depression, a common and significant medical illness. The WHO acknowledges the effects of depression and provides assistance and direction on how to manage and treat the condition. Understanding the signs and risks of depression is crucial, as is getting assistance if necessary. People with depression may recover and have happy lives with the correct care and encouragement.



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